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Drug De-Addition

Drug De-Addition




Cocaine

 

Cocaine is a drug obtained from the leaves of Coca bush that is grown in mountainous regions of South America. Traditionally, the leaves along with a little lime were chewed, by People in countries like Peru and Bolivia. This had a mild stimulant effect and helped them to endure the hardships of daily lives by reducing hunger and tiredness.

 

It was used for medicinal purposes for many decades as it relieves pain and has anesthetic effects. This property made it a popular drug in treating pain for terminally ill patients. The problems started when cocaine was extracted from the leaves and used for Recreational purposes.

Why is it Abused

 

Cocaine is a powerful stimulant of the central nervous system. The person using it feels alert, Jovial, outgoing and has a great sense of well being – this euphoria is what drives him to use it again and again. Many people stop after using it a few times for various reasons. They are worried about becoming addicted, they may not have easy access to the drug or the money to buy it, and they are concerned about the legal problems or losing control over their behavior. Only about 10 – 15 % of the users become addicted to it. Once this happens, their entire life revolves around getting the next ‘fix’ whether they have to beg, borrow or steal to get this dose.

 

Those who inject the drug or who are always looking for new sensation or excitement in the life are more likely to get addicted to Cocaine.

 

Not long ago, Cocaine was the recreational drug of the rich and famous in the west. With the reduced cost and easy availability, it has become a widely abused drug among all sections of the society.

How It Is Used

 

  • There are various methods employed by addicts using
  • It is Sniffed or snorted through the nostrils
  • Some addicts mix the powder with water and inject into the veins.
  • The powder is heated with baking soda and water to form a gel which is smoked
  • Precooked Cocaine in the form of small rocks is sold as ‘crack’ Cocaine. The spread of ‘crack’ has led to major problems because it is cheap and has an immediate effect on the brain often resulting in uncontrolled aggression.

Cacaine & Alcohol

Both are powerful chemicals, which affect the brain. While Alcohol is a depressant and cocaine a stimulant, they both in combination lead to loss of control over our behavior. The liver combines both Alcohol and cocaine to form a new substance called Coca ethylene, which can lead to death.

 

Cocaine Psychosis

Well-being and euphoria are common effects of cocaine. Prolonged, heavy use can lead to the opposite effects. There is anxiety, restlessness and sometimes suspicions. The person hears voices talking or abusing him or he feels that there are insects’ crawling under his skin. This can lead to itching, scratching and at times self-harm. Suicide rates are very high in Cocaine addicts.

Tobacco Detox

Chewing, Sniffing or Smoking techniques are employed to extract nicotine, which after absorption into blood stream reaches the brain. Cigarettes, first introduced in 1850 simplified the whole process. Each pull on a cigarette and drawing of smoke into the lungs shoots a dose of nicotine into the blood stream and within 10 – 15 seconds this dose will have reached the brain.

 

How Does It Damage

  • Throat : Cancer of the Oral Cavity, Larynx and Tongue
  • Lungs : Asthma, Chronic Bronchitis, TB, and Lung Cancer
  • Heart : Blood Pressure, Heart Attacks
  • Brain : Stroke, Cancer in many parts of the brain
  • Eyes : Increased Cataracts, Retinal Detachment and macular Degenerations.
  • Impotence, Miscarriages.
  • Wrinkles on the face, Hair Loss.



Why quit

  • One smoker dies every 5 minutes from heart disease, stroke, lung cancer, or other related diseases. Quit smoking and reduce this risk by 50%.
  • You will not smell of stale tobacco and your taste will improve.
  • Improve you self-esteem .You will feel good about your success in getting rid of a bad habit.
  • Your work efficiency will improve
  • Look at what you can save. Put aside the money you burn daily on cigarettes and you can buy yourself a new vehicle in a few years time.
  • No more nagging from your family.

 

Cannabis

 

Addiction to alcohol or drugs is becoming more wide spread in our society. With rapid changes in our cultural norms and exposure to other cultures, drug abuse too has been showing an upward trend .Of great concern is the rapid increase in drug intake and misuse in our youth. After alcohol, cannabis is the most widely abused drug in our society. It is socially accepted at particular times like celebrations of Holi or Shivrathri when bhang and ganja are commonly used in some communities.

 

Among students, Cannabis is often the first drug of use. Most of the students use it a few times and leave it while only a few continue long term use or progress to other hard drugs like cocaine, heroin and LSD.

 

Cannabis is illegally cultivated in remote areas. It has medicinal uses.

 

Cannabis preparations

  • Bhang – dried leaves and flowers of cannabis plant are boiled together and the decoction is mixed with milk or other liquids and consumed.
  • Marijuana – dried leaves and flowers are smoked in cigarettes.
  • Ganja – more powerful than the above, ganja is smoked and prepared from the upper leaves and flowers of the cultivated cannabis plant
  • Hashish / charas – Pure resin from flowering tops and leaves of the cannabis plant is made into a sticky brown cake which is usually smoked.
  • Liquid cannabis or hash oil is a more potent preparation. It is a brown syrupy liquid in which tobacco is dipped before smoking.

Effects of cannabis

  • Whether smoked or consumed in any form, cannabis has an immediate effect on the mind and body.
  • Users experience dry mouth, increased hunger, redness of the eyes, and increase in the heart rate.
  • A feeling of relaxation and euphoria are common and is the main reason for repeated use.
  • There is a general sense of well- being and happiness. Time seems to move slowly, smell touch and other sensations are heightened. For instance, people seem to perceive paintings in a different way, after smoking cannabis, music becomes more enjoyable, food tastes better. The effects will also depend on the settings in which cannabis is used.

 

Stopping cannabis

In terms of addiction potential, cannabis is not a very strong drug. Abrupt stoppage after prolonged and heavy consumption can lead to irritability weight loss, disturbed sleep and poor appetite. All these symptoms will diminish within 2 to 3 weeks. Counseling, behavior therapy and use of certain drugs to relieve anxiety may be necessary in more severe cases.